Office of Commercialization Published Technologies
Control of plant fatty acid biosynthesis pathways through controlled degradation of selected target proteins

Control of plant fatty acid biosynthesis pathways through controlled degradation of selected target proteins

Description:

Researchers at Washington State University have discovered a novel regulatory mechanism, which not

only significantly increases seed oil production in seeds of plants, but can also improve plant stress

tolerance as well as modify a broad range of other developmental aspects.

 

The approach focuses on modifying the ability of a group of proteins called BPMs to recognize and trigger

the degradation of a wide range of substrate proteins. These substrate proteins are different

transcription factors and each one is responsible for regulating developmental aspects such as root and

shoot growth, flowering time, as well as seed size and seed oil content. These transcription factors also

increase plants’ ability to cope with a variety of abiotic and biotic stress conditions. The approach is to

downregulate BPM expression and therefore reduce BPMs’ ability to recognize their substrates (the

transcription factors) thus reducing their ability to trigger the substrates for degradation. This

downregulation of BPM is conducted by introducing artificial microRNA under the control of a seed specific

and inducible promoter. In addition, substrates can also be modified in a way such that they are

not recognized by BPM proteins. It thus becomes possible to engineer crop plants that are better able to

cope with otherwise detrimental environmental stressors, without affecting other unwanted

developmental changes.

 

This approach is novel because basic transcription levels of the substrates are not directly changed, as

was previously attempted. Instead, the activity of these transcription factors are modified by changing

the amount of BPM proteins in the cell or their ability to recognize and interact with their substrates.

Loss of the BPM substrate adaptors has been shown by the inventors to significantly increase seed oil

content with levels of more than 100% in comparison to wild type. Furthermore, because BPM proteins

and their substrates are highly conserved among plant species, one can expect that this technology is

broadly applicable to crop plants in general.

Patent Information:
Country Serial No. Patent No. File Date Issued Date
United States 14/519,577 9,745,591 10/21/2014 8/29/2017